Luzzara

Luzzara

The Gonzaga fortified the city and Luzzara thus became a classic example of a small Renaissance capital on the banks of the Po river; in fact, from its topographic plan, squares, palaces of power and religious buildings can still be read today, as they were conceived in the architectural studies of the 1400s.

The symbol of Luzzara is the Civic Tower, built between 1724 and 1780 with the remains of the ancient castle: on October 23, 1702 the French militia mined the part of the castle that looked towards Guastalla, and part of the fortress with its imposing tower. The Luzzarese community had from the beginning manifested the desire to build a very high tower with the material recovered from the ruins of the old Torre della Rocca and of the fortifications.

The Palazzo della Macina, built towards the end of the 15th century, was the residence of the Gonzagas of Luzzara and preserves precious finds made up of columns surmounted by capitals of exquisite workmanship and painted frescoes. Among the most valuable religious monuments are the Parish Church of San Giorgio dating back to the end of the eleventh century and then rebuilt from 1676 in Baroque style, recent excavations have brought to light columns and frescoes dating back to the original structure of the Romanesque building and carryovers from the previous period. Inside it preserves some 16th century paintings, in particular the altarpiece depicting the Virgin with Child between S. Giorgio and S. Girolamo, executed on the model of a sketch of Giulio Romano kept in the Louvre. Just outside the town, in the direction of Suzzara, the former convent of S. Felice, of the Augustinians, houses the National Museum of Naive Art "Cesare Zavattini" with extensive documentation on naïf painting in Italy and in Europe (over 300 works) , enriched every year by new donations.

Places of interest (Nearby places of interest)

convento

CHURCH AND FORMER CONVENT OF THE AUGUSTINIANS

   

Also known as the church of the former hospital or church of the “Conventino”. It was built at the end of the 15th century by the will of Caterina Pico - Marquis of Luzzara Rodolfo Gonzaga’s wife. It was nearly destroyed to the foundations and reconstructed between 1764 and 1771. Fortunately, the 15th-century apse has been left intact. The sacristy hosts the remains of a funerary monument - dedicated to Luigi Gonzaga, who died in 1570 - partially destroyed by a fire in 1918. In the upper part of the monument, in the very centre, it is possible to admire the Gonzaga coat of arms - borne up by two putti and dominated by a two-headed crowned eagle. The monument stands on an architrave borne by two large statues: a Caryatid and an Atlas. From the centre, under the ledge and borne by a lion’s head, a fruit festoon passes over the Caryatids and descends towards the outer sides, up to the large corbel of the base, where two eagles are placed. The monument also housed a plaque dedicated to Luigi Gonzaga. Frescoes of historical and artistic interest have been recently discovered under the adjacent porch.

copertina emergenza n 35 Chiesa Parrocchiale di San Giorgio

Parish Church of San Giorgio

   

It was probably built at the end of the 11th century, in Romanesque style, and renovated several times. It was rebuilt from 1676 in Baroque style - except for the apse, which is still Romanesque. In 2000, crypt excavations led to several findings, such as capitals, columns and frescoes from the original Romanesque building and shards dating back to the previous period. In the inside, it preserves some 16th-century paintings, such as the altarpiece portraying the “Vergine col Bambino tra S. Giorgio e S. Girolamo” (Giuliesca School) modeled after a sketch by Giulio Romano kept in the Louvre Museum.