The Civic Well

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The Civic Well

The construction of the Civic Well dates back to 1765, when a decree by the Duke of Modena established the closure of all the wells located in the new square, in order to avoid the surfacing of the Po river springs. The construction of a single well for the use of the community was thus deliberated and its design was entrusted to Giovan Battista Fattori.

Fattori designed it in the shape of a small temple and placed it in the centre of the square, on axis with the facade of the Church of Sant’Andrea, in order to create a prospective connection between the two buildings and strengthen the perception of the square as a unity. It has an octagonal central body, surrounded by a porch with Doric-Tuscan columns, below which it is possible to observe openings used to draw water.  

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Church of the SS Annunziata


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The original building - located further east - has been affected by frequent floods of the river Po that seriously compromised its stability. A new one was built between 1653 and 1670. The church interior has a single nave, with six side chapels. The vault was entirely restored between 1914 and 1915, as well as a large part of the Temple.

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Bentivoglio Palace


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Palazzo Bentivoglio was built on the structure of an ancient castle, the complex consisted of a large quadrangular mole, surrounded by deep trenches at the four corners and provided with towers: the whole circumscribed a large courtyard.